Participatory research and programme development
Tools developed for CAFOD in 2013 in Zimbabwe enabled their environmental health programme to determine the following for the strategy:
- Communication agenda – messages, target groups, methodology of engagement.
- Action plan – recommendations
- Implementation of activity – what tools to achieve project aims will be used, and why.
This includes establishing:
- What are the high impact entry points for positive change are.
- Who the change-makers are.
- What the incentives for positive action would be – per stakeholder group
- What processes and tools will be most effective during implementation phase.
- What messages should be communicated, and in what way during the campaign awareness raising component of implementation.
Specifically tools developed assess the following:
- Understanding about environmental health and attitude towards the environment – what do residents and council see, need and want? What do residents and council consider being major risks to public health.
- Knowledge and understanding of key processes – power, water, sewage, housing, council’s processes.
- Knowledge and understanding of relevant laws by both Council and Resident groups.
- Perception of visible and invisible problems, and positive environmental elements – in terms of the physical and infrastructural and relational.
- How best to prioritise problems – each stakeholder group is asked to rank both in terms of importance and ability to solve.
- Roles and responsibilities – understanding of roles and responsibilities is explored through looking at causes and consequences of each problem.
- Efficacy, agency and imagination – imagining and enacting individual action in relation to problems identified and the ‘ideal environment’ leads to self-assessments and the start of strategy design.
- Interest, influence and incentives: Each Stakeholder group’s analysis of their own interest and influence in this project/issue is explored and assessed.
- Conflict analysis: – both latent and manifest, leads also to key elements of risk analysis.
- Correlation between bill payment and service provision. Barriers to bill payment identified through story telling. Understanding of the link assessed.
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